This book traces the spiritual journey of Satish Kumar - child monk, peace pilgrim, ecological activist and educator. In it he traces the sources of inspiration which formed his understanding of the world as a network of multiple and diverse relationships.
Draws on the Indian Ayurvedic tradition which characterises the mind as having three gunas, or primary qualities: sattva (characterised by calmness, clarity and purity), rajas (energy and passion), and tamas (dullness and ignorance).
When he was only nine years old, Satish Kumar renounced the world and joined the wandering brotherhood of Jain monks. Dissuaded from this path by an inner voice at the age of eighteen, he became a campaigner for land reform, working to turn Gandhi's vision of a renewed India into reality. Fired by the example of Bertrand Russell, he undertook an 8,000-mile peace pilgrimage, walking from India to America without any money, through mountains, deserts, storms and snow. It was an adventure during which he was thrown into jail in France, faced a loaded gun in America, and delivered packets of 'peace tea' to the leaders of the four nuclear powers. In 1973 he settled in England, taking on the editorship of Resurgence magazine, and becoming the guiding light behind a number of ecological, spiritual and educational ventures. Following Indian tradition, in his fiftieth year he undertook another pilgrimage: again without any money, he walked to the holy places of Britain - Glastonbury, Lindisfarne, and Iona. The new hardback 4th edition is published in 2014 to commemorate 25 years since the foundation of Schumacher College, with new chapters about the college and to bring Satish's story up-to-date. Written with a penetrating simplicity, No Destination is an exhilarating account of an extraordinary life.
Satish Kumar est l'un des principaux maîtres spirituels vivants. Il défend depuis cinquante ans une autre vision du bonheur -; non pas la consommation des êtres et des choses, mais un rapport au monde qui réconcilie spiritualité et écologie.Mais comment mettre en oeuvre une telle vision ?Par la découverte de la simplicité.Et pour nous montrer comment cette simplicité rend heureux, Satish Kumar nous raconte son propre parcours et se met ici à nu. Il montre que, loin des idées reçues et des injonctions, la simplicité se construit dans un engagement quotidien du coeur, de l'esprit et de notre créativité. La simplicité ainsi comprise est une joie, une célébration et un apaisement profond.L'un des livres majeurs pour retrouver confiance et espoir et devenir le changement que nous voulons voir s'accomplir.
Bien au-delà d'un simple manifeste écologique, un guide lumineux qui ouvre la voie vers un monde meilleur, plus solidaire et plus heureux...
Trier ses déchets, manger bio et local, pratiquer le covoiturage... Depuis quelques années, ces réflexes écologiques ont intégré notre vie. Pourtant, entre nouvelles pratiques, modes en constante évolution et injonctions permanentes, nous sommes encore trop souvent démunis face aux défis environnementaux. Comment faire en sorte que les choses changent vraiment ?
En cultivant un nouvel équilibre entre la Terre, l'Âme et la Société.
C'est en effet à partir de cette trinité inspirée de la Bhagavad-Gita hindoue que Satish Kumar, ancien moine jaïn et infatigable disciple de Gandhi, a développé une approche de l'écologie basée non pas sur la peur et l'urgence sanitaire, mais sur une vision globale et spirituelle de notre place dans l'univers. Car ce n'est qu'en prenant conscience de notre totale dépendance à l'égard de la nature et des autres espèces que nous pourrons sauver la planète et construire un futur viable.
Visionaries of the 20th Century brings together the lives and works of 100 great men and women who offered inspiration, hope and healing. The 20th century was marked by wars, dictatorships and environmental destruction, yet many individuals kept alive the hope of a sane and sustainable future through their example, ideas and vision. Their influence helped to bring colonialism and imperialism, apartheid and authoritarian regimes to an end. They also generated a resurgence of ecological, holistic and spiritual vision.
This book focuses on the analysis of liability rules of tort law from an efficiency perspective, presenting a comprehensive analysis of these rules in a self-contained and rigorous yet accessible manner. It establishes general results on the efficiency of liability rules, including complete characterizations of efficient liability rules and efficient incremental liability rules. The book also establishes that the untaken precaution approach and decoupled liability are incompatible with efficiency. The economic analysis of tort law has established that for efficiency it is necessary that each party to the interaction must be made to internalize the harm resulting from the interaction. The characterization and impossibility theorems presented in this book establish that, in addition to internalization of the harm by each party, there are two additional requirements for efficiency. Firstly, rules must be immune from strategic manipulation. Secondly, rules must entail closure with respect to the parties involved in the interaction giving rise to the negative externality, i.e., the liability must not be decoupled.
This book focuses on the importance and roles of seed microbiomes in sustainable agriculture by exploring the diversity of microbes vectored on and within seeds of both cultivated and non-cultivated plants. It provides essential insights into how seeds can be adapted to enhance microbiome vectoring, how damaged seed microbiomes can be assembled again and how seed microbiomes can be conserved.
Plant seeds carry not only embryos and nutrients to fuel early seedling growth, but also microbes that modulate development, soil nutrient acquisition, and defense against pathogens and other stressors. Many of these microbes (bacteria and fungi) become endophytic, entering into the tissues of plants, and typically exist within plants without inducing negative effects. Although they have been reported in all plants examined to date, the extent to which plants rely on seed vectored microbiomes to enhance seedling competitiveness and survival is largely unappreciated. How microbes function to increase the fitness of seedlings is also little understood.
The book is a unique and important resource for researchers and students in microbial ecology and biotechnology. Further, it appeals to applied academic and industrial agriculturists interested in increasing crop health and yield.
This book primarily focuses on the domain conditions under which a number of important classes of binary social decision rules give rise to rational social preferences. One implication of the Arrow and Gibbard theorems is that every non-oligarchic social decision rule that satisfies the condition of independence of irrelevant alternatives, a requirement crucial for the unambiguity of social choices, and the weak Pareto criterion fails to generate quasi-transitive social preferences for some configurations of individual preferences. The problem is exemplified by the famous voting paradox associated with the majority rule. Thus, in the context of rules that do not give rise to transitive (quasi-transitive) social preferences for every configuration of individual preferences, an important problem is that of formulating Inada-type necessary and sufficient conditions for transitivity (quasi-transitivity).
This book formulates conditions for transitivity and quasi-transitivity for several classes of social decision rules, including majority rules, non-minority rules, Pareto-inclusive non-minority rules, and social decision rules that are simple games. It also analyzes in detail the conditions for transitivity and quasi-transitivity under the method of the majority decision, and derives the maximally sufficient conditions for transitivity under the class of neutral and monotonic binary social decision rules and one of its subclasses. The book also presents characterizations of some of the classes of rules for which domain conditions have been derived.
The material covered is relevant to anyone interested in studying the structure of voting rules, particularly those interested in social choice theory. Providing the necessary social choice theoretic concepts, definitions, propositions and theorems, the book is essentially self-contained. The treatment throughout is rigorous, and unlike most of the literature on domain conditions, care is taken regarding the number of individuals in the 'necessity' proofs. As such it is an invaluable resource for students of economics and political science, with takeaways for everyone - from first-year postgraduates to more advanced doctoral students and scholars.
This book describes the multitude of interactions between plant, soil, and micro-organisms. It emphasizes on how growth and development in plants, starting from seed germination, is heavily influenced by the soil type. It describes the interactions established by plants with soil and inhabitant microbial community. The chapters describe how plants selectively promote certain microorganisms in the rhizospheric ecozone to derive multifarious benefits such as nutrient acquisition and protection from diseases. The diversity of these rhizospheric microbes and their interactions with plants largely depend on plant genotype, soils attributes, and several abiotic and biotic factors.
Most of the studies concerned with plant-microbe interaction are focused on temperate regions, even though the tropical ecosystems are more diverse and need more attention. Therefore, it is crucial to understand how soil type and climatic conditions influence the plant-soil-microbes interaction in the tropics. Considering the significance of the subject, the present volume is designed to cover the most relevant aspects of rhizospheric microbial interactions in tropical ecosystems.
Chapters include aspects related to the diversity of rhizospheric microbes, as well as modern tools and techniques to assess the rhizospheric microbiomes and their functional roles. The book also covers applications of rhizospheric microbes and evaluation of prospects improving agricultural practice and productivity through the use of microbiome technologies.
This book will be extremely interesting to microbiologists, plant biologists, and ecologists.
Dans un monde quotidiennement aux prises avec la discorde et la violence, Tu es donc je suis fait souffler un vent de paix et de liberté. Et nous entraîne au coeur de la philosophie personnelle de Satish Kumar, enfant moine en Inde, disciple passionné de Gandhi, marcheur pour la paix, compagnon de Krishnamurti, Bertrand Russell ou Martin Luther King. Loin de la logique cartésienne du " Je pense, donc je suis ", qui sépare le sujet pensant de l'univers et introduit la dualité et la rupture, Satish Kumar prône l'interaction entre les êtres et leur milieu.Une authentique déclaration de dépendance qui lie l'homme à ses rencontres, ses influences, ses racines et son environnement. Et, en guise de clin d'oeil, un nouveau mantra, " Tu es donc je suis ", libre traduction d'une parole fondamentale du sanskrit, pour unir les expériences de ce livre et nous initier à la pensée d'un véritable sage des temps modernes.