Birkhäuser

  • The work on Autonomic Road Transport Support (ARTS) presented here aims at meeting the challenge of engineering autonomic behavior in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) by fusing research from the disciplines of traffic engineering and autonomic computing. Ideas and techniques from leading edge artificial intelligence research have been adapted for ITS over the last 30 years. Examples include adaptive control embedded in real time traffic control systems, heuristic algorithms (e.g. in SAT-NAV systems), image processing and computer vision (e.g. in automated surveillance interpretation). Autonomic computing which is inspired from the biological example of the body's autonomic nervous system is a more recent development. It allows for a more efficient management of heterogeneous distributed computing systems. In the area of computing, autonomic systems are endowed with a number of properties that are generally referred to as self-X properties, including self-configuration, self-healing, self-optimization, self-protection and more generally self-management. Some isolated examples of autonomic properties such as self-adaptation have found their way into ITS technology and have already proved beneficial.   This edited volume provides a comprehensive introduction to Autonomic Road Transport Support (ARTS) and describes the development of ARTS systems. It starts out with the visions, opportunities and challenges, then presents the foundations of ARTS and the platforms and methods used and it closes with experiences from real-world applications and prototypes of emerging applications. This makes it suitable for researchers and practitioners in the fields of autonomic computing, traffic and transport management and engineering, AI, and software engineering. Graduate students will benefit from state-of-the-art description, the study of novel methods and the case studies provided.

  • Capturing the state of the art of the interplay between positivity, noncommutative analysis, and related areas including partial differential equations, harmonic analysis, and operator theory, this volume was initiated on the occasion of the Delft conference in honour of Ben de Pagter's 65th birthday. It will be of interest to researchers in positivity, noncommutative analysis, and related fields.
    Contributions by Shavkat Ayupov, Amine Ben Amor, Karim Boulabiar, Qingying Bu, Gerard Buskes, Martijn Caspers, Jurie Conradie, Garth Dales, Marcel de Jeu, Peter Dodds, Theresa Dodds, Julio Flores, Jochen Glück, Jacobus Grobler, Wolter Groenevelt, Markus Haase, Klaas Pieter Hart, Francisco Hernández, Jamel Jaber, Rien Kaashoek, Turabay Kalandarov, Anke Kalauch, Arkady Kitover, Erik Koelink, Karimbergen Kudaybergenov, Louis Labuschagne, Yongjin Li, Nick Lindemulder, Emiel Lorist, Qi Lü, Miek Messerschmidt, Susumu Okada, Mehmet Orhon, Denis Potapov, Werner Ricker, Stephan Roberts, Pablo Román, Anton Schep, Claud Steyn, Fedor Sukochev, James Sweeney, Guido Sweers, Pedro Tradacete, Jan Harm van der Walt, Onno van Gaans, Jan van Neerven, Arnoud van Rooij, Freek van Schagen, Dominic Vella, Mark Veraar, Anthony Wickstead, Marten Wortel, Ivan Yaroslavtsev, and Dmitriy Zanin.

  • Increasingly, neural networks are used and implemented in a wide range of fields and have become useful tools in probabilistic analysis and prediction theory. This book-unique in the literature-studies the application of neural networks to the analysis of time series of sea data, namely significant wave heights and sea levels. The particular problem examined as a starting point is the reconstruction of missing data, a general problem that appears in many cases of data analysis.

    Specific topics covered include:

    * Presentation of general information on the phenomenology of waves and tides, as well as related technical details of various measuring processes used in the study
    * Description of the model of wind waves (WAM) used to determine the spectral function of waves and predict the behavior of SWH (significant wave heights); a comparison is made of the reconstruction of SWH time series obtained by means of neural network algorithms versus SWH computed by WAM
    * Principles of artificial neural networks, approximation theory, and extreme-value theory necessary to understand the main applications of the book.
    * Application of artificial neural networks (ANN) to reconstruct SWH and sea levels (SL)
    * Comparison of the ANN approach and the approximation operator approach, displaying the advantages of ANN
    * Examination of extreme-event analysis applied to the time series of sea data in specific locations
    * Generalizations of ANN to treat analogous problems for other types of phenomena and data

    This book, a careful blend of theory and applications, is an excellent introduction to the use of ANN, which may encourage readers to try analogous approaches in other important application areas. Researchers, practitioners, and advanced graduate students in neural networks, hydraulic and marine engineering, prediction theory, and data analysis will benefit from the results and novel ideas presented in this useful resource.

  • This book
    treats the computational use of social concepts as the focal point for the
    realisation of a novel class of socio-technical systems, comprising smart
    grids, public display environments, and grid computing.

    These
    systems are composed of technical and human constituents that interact with
    each other in an open environment. Heterogeneity, large scale, and uncertainty
    in the behaviour of the constituents and the environment are the rule rather
    than the exception.

    Ensuring
    the trustworthiness of such systems allows their technical constituents to
    interact with each other in a reliable, secure, and predictable way while their
    human users are able to understand and control them.

     

    "Trustworthy
    Open Self-Organising Systems" contains a wealth of knowledge, from
    trustworthy self-organisation mechanisms, to trust models, methods to measure a
    user's trust in a system, a discussion of social concepts beyond trust, and
    insights into the impact open self-organising systems will have on society.

  • This book commemorates the 150th birthday of Corrado Segre, one of the founders of the Italian School of Algebraic Geometry and a crucial figure in the history of Algebraic Geometry. It is the outcome of a conference held in Turin, Italy.One of the book's most unique features is the inclusion of a previously unpublished manuscript by Corrado Segre, together with a scientific commentary. Representing a prelude to Segre's seminal 1894 contribution on the theory of algebraic curves, this manuscript and other important archival sources included in the essays shed new light on the eminent role he played at the international level. Including both survey articles and original research papers, the book is divided into three parts: section one focuses on the implications of Segre's work in a historic light, while section two presents new results in his field, namely Algebraic Geometry. The third part features Segre's unpublished notebook: Sulla Geometria Sugli Enti Algebrici Semplicemente Infiniti (1890-1891). This volume will appeal to scholars in the History of Mathematics, as well as to researchers in the current subfields of Algebraic Geometry.

  • Wave phenomena are ubiquitous in nature. Their mathematical modeling, simulation and analysis lead to fascinating and challenging problems in both analysis and numerical mathematics. These challenges and their impact on significant applications have inspired major results and methods about wave-type equations in both fields of mathematics.
    The Conference on Mathematics of Wave Phenomena 2018 held in Karlsruhe, Germany, was devoted to these topics and attracted internationally renowned experts from a broad range of fields. These conference proceedings present new ideas, results, and techniques from this exciting research area.

  • This book focuses on developments in complex dynamical systems and geometric function theory over the past decade, showing strong links with other areas of mathematics and the natural sciences.Traditional methods and approaches surface in physics and in the life and engineering sciences with increasing frequency - the Schramm-Loewner evolution, Laplacian growth, and quadratic differentials are just a few typical examples. This book provides a representative overview of these processes and collects open problems in the various areas, while at the same time showing where and how each particular topic evolves. This volume is dedicated to the memory of Alexander Vasiliev.

  • The chapters in this volume highlight the state-of-the-art of compressed sensing and are based on talks given at the third international MATHEON conference on the same topic, held from December 4-8, 2017 at the Technical University in Berlin. In addition to methods in compressed sensing, chapters provide insights into cutting edge applications of deep learning in data science, highlighting the overlapping ideas and methods that connect the fields of compressed sensing and deep learning. Specific topics covered include:Quantized compressed sensingClassificationMachine learningOracle inequalitiesNon-convex optimizationImage reconstructionStatistical learning theoryThis volume will be a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in the areas of mathematics, computer science, and engineering, as well as other applied scientists exploring potential applications of compressed sensing.

  • This is the first of two volumes devoted to earthquakes and multi-hazards around the Pacific Rim. The circum-Pacific seismic belt is home to roughly 80% of the world's largest earthquakes, making it the ideal location for investigating earthquakes and related hazards such as tsunamis and landslides. Gathering 16 papers that cover a range of topics related to multi-hazards, the book is divided into three sections: earthquake physics, earthquake simulation and data assimilation, and multi-hazard assessment and earthquake forecasting models. The first section includes papers on laboratory-derived rheological parameters as well as seismic studies in the Gulf of California and China. In turn, the second section includes papers on improvements in earthquake simulators as well as the statistical methods used to evaluate their performance, automated methods for determining fault slip using near-field interferometric data, variabilities in earthquake stress drops in California, and the use of social media data to supplement physical sensor data when estimating local earthquake intensity. The final section includes a paper on probabilistic tsunami hazard assessment, several papers on time-dependent seismic hazard analysis around the Pacific Rim, and a paper on induced and triggered seismicity at the Geysers geothermal field in California. Rapid advances are being made in our understanding of multi-hazards, as well as the range of tools used to investigate them. This volume provides a representative cross-section of how state-of-the-art knowledge and tools are currently being applied to multi-hazards around the Pacific Rim. The material here should be of interest to scientists involved in all areas of multi-hazards, particularly seismic and tsunami hazards. In addition, it offers a valuable resource for students in the geosciences, covering a broad spectrum of topics related to hazard research.

  • This volume consists of contributions spanning a wide spectrum of harmonic analysis and its applications written by speakers at the February Fourier Talks from 2002 - 2016. Containing cutting-edge results by an impressive array of mathematicians, engineers, and scientists in academia, industry and government, it will be an excellent reference for graduate students, researchers, and professionals in pure and applied mathematics, physics, and engineering. Topics covered include:
    Theoretical harmonic analysis
    Image and signal processing
    Quantization
    Algorithms and representations
    The February Fourier Talks are held annually at the Norbert Wiener Center for Harmonic Analysis and Applications. Located at the University of Maryland, College Park, the Norbert Wiener Center provides a state-of- the-art research venue for the broad emerging area of mathematical engineering.

  • This two-part volume gathers extended conference abstracts corresponding to selected talks from the "Biostatnet workshop on Biomedical (Big) Data" and from the "DoReMi LD-RadStats: Workshop for statisticians interested in contributing to EU low dose radiation research", which were held at the Centre de Recerca Matemàtica (CRM) in Barcelona from November 26th to 27th, 2015, and at the Institut de Salut Global ISGlobal (former CREAL) from October 26th to 28th, 2015, respectively. Most of the contributions are brief articles, presenting preliminary new results not yet published in regular research journals.The first part is devoted to the challenges of analyzing so called "Biomedical Big Data", tremendous amounts of biomedical and health data that are generated every day due to the use of recent technological advances such as massive genomic sequencing, electronic health records or high-resolution medical imaging, among others. The analysis of this information poses significant challenges for researchers in the fields of biostatistics, bioinformatics, and signal processing. Furthermore, other relevant challenges in biostatistical research, not necessarily involving big data, are also discussed. In turn, the second part is dedicated to low dose radiation research, where there is a need to fully understand and characterize potential sources of uncertainty before they can be reduced. Further, the book demonstrates why formal uncertainty analysis has the potential to provide a common platform for multidisciplinary research in this field. This book is intended for established researchers, as well as for PhD and postdoctoral students who want to learn more about the latest advances in these highly active areas of research.

  • This volume presents original research articles and extended surveys related to the mathematical interest and work of Jean-Michel Bismut. His outstanding contributions to probability theory and global analysis on manifolds have had a profound impact on several branches of mathematics in the areas of control theory, mathematical physics and arithmetic geometry. Contributions by:K. BehrendN. Bergeron S. K. Donaldson J. Dubédat B. DuplantierG. Faltings E. Getzler G. KingsR. MazzeoJ. MillsonC. MoeglinW. MüllerR. RhodesD. Rssler S. Sheffield A. Teleman G. Tian K-I. YoshikawaH. Weiss W. Werner 
    The collection is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in these fields.

  • The construction of solutions of singularly perturbed systems of equations and boundary value problems that are characteristic for the mechanics of thin-walled structures are the main focus of the book. The theoretical results are supplemented by the analysis of problems and exercises. Some of the topics are rarely discussed in the textbooks, for example, the Newton polyhedron, which is a generalization of the Newton polygon for equations with two or more parameters. After introducing the important concept of the index of variation for functions special attention is devoted to eigenvalue problems containing a small parameter. The main part of the book deals with methods of asymptotic solutions of linear singularly perturbed boundary and boundary value problems without or with turning points, respectively. As examples, one-dimensional equilibrium, dynamics and stability problems for rigid bodies and solids are presented in detail. Numerous exercises and examples as well as vast references to the relevant Russian literature not well known for an English speaking reader makes this a indispensable textbook on the topic.

  • This volume
    presents a collection of papers covering applications from a wide range of
    systems with infinitely many degrees of freedom studied using techniques from
    stochastic and infinite dimensional analysis, e.g. Feynman path integrals, the
    statistical mechanics of polymer chains, complex networks, and quantum field
    theory. Systems of infinitely many degrees of freedom create their particular
    mathematical challenges which have been addressed by different mathematical
    theories, namely in the theories of stochastic processes, Malliavin calculus,
    and especially white noise analysis.

    These
    proceedings are inspired by a conference held on the occasion of Prof. Ludwig
    Streit's 75th birthday and celebrate his pioneering and ongoing work in these
    fields.

  • This volume is dedicated to the memory of Shoshichi Kobayashi, and gathers contributions from distinguished researchers working on topics close to his research areas. The book is organized into three parts, with the first part presenting an overview of Professor Shoshichi Kobayashi's career. This is followed by two expository course lectures (the second part) on recent topics in extremal Kähler metrics and value distribution theory, which will be helpful for graduate students in mathematics interested in new topics in complex geometry and complex analysis. Lastly, the third part of the volume collects authoritative research papers on differential geometry and complex analysis.Professor Shoshichi Kobayashi was a recognized international leader in the areas of differential and complex geometry. He contributed crucial ideas that are still considered fundamental in these fields. The book will be of interest to researchers in the fields of differential geometry, complex geometry, and several complex variables geometry, as well as to graduate students in mathematics.

  • This book consists of invited survey articles and research papers in the scientific areas of the "International Workshop on Operator Algebras, Operator Theory and Applications," which was held in Lisbon in July 2016. Reflecting recent developments in the field of algebras of operators, operator theory and matrix theory, it particularly focuses on groupoid algebras and Fredholm conditions, algebras of approximation sequences, C* algebras of convolution type operators, index theorems, spectrum and numerical range of operators, extreme supercharacters of infinite groups, quantum dynamics and operator algebras, and inverse eigenvalue problems.Establishing bridges between the three related areas of operator algebras, operator theory, and matrix theory, the book is aimed at researchers and graduate students who use results from these areas.  

  • This volume is the first of two containing selected papers from the International Conference on Advances in Mathematical Sciences, Vellore, India, December 2017 - Volume I. This meeting brought together researchers from around the world to share their work, with the aim of promoting collaboration as a means of solving various problems in modern science and engineering.  The authors of each chapter present a research problem, techniques suitable for solving it, and a discussion of the results obtained. These volumes will be of interest to both theoretical- and application-oriented individuals in academia and industry.
    Papers in Volume I are dedicated to active and open areas of research in algebra, analysis, operations research, and statistics, and those of Volume II consider differential equations, fluid mechanics, and graph theory.  

  • This volume is the first of two containing selected papers from the International Conference on Advances in Mathematical Sciences (ICAMS), held at the Vellore Institute of Technology in December 2017.  This meeting brought together researchers from around the world to share their work, with the aim of promoting collaboration as a means of solving various problems in modern science and engineering.  The authors of each chapter present a research problem, techniques suitable for solving it, and a discussion of the results obtained.   These volumes will be of interest to both theoretical- and application-oriented individuals in academia and industry.
    Papers in Volume I are dedicated to active and open areas of research in algebra, analysis, operations research, and statistics, and those of Volume II consider differential equations, fluid mechanics, and graph theory.  

  • This book is a collection of short papers from the 11th International ISAAC Congress 2017 in Växjö, Sweden. The papers, written by the best international experts, are devoted to recent results in mathematics with a focus on analysis. The volume provides to both specialists and non-specialists an excellent source of information on the current research in mathematical analysis and its various interdisciplinary applications.

  • The papers presented in this open access book address diverse challenges in decarbonizing energy systems, ranging from operational to investment planning problems, from market economics to technical and environmental considerations, from distribution grids to transmission grids, and from theoretical considerations to data provision concerns and applied case studies. While most papers have a clear methodological focus, they address policy-relevant questions at the same time. The target audience therefore includes academics and experts in industry as well as policy makers, who are interested in state-of-the-art quantitative modelling of policy relevant problems in energy systems. 
    The 2nd International Symposium on Energy System Optimization (ISESO 2018) was held at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) under the symposium theme "Bridging the Gap Between Mathematical Modelling and Policy Support" on October 10th and 11th 2018. ISESO 2018 was organized by the KIT, the Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS), the Heidelberg University, the German Aerospace Center and the University of Stuttgart.

  • This book is the proceeding of the International Workshop on Operator Theory and Applications (IWOTA) held in July 2018 in Shanghai, China. It consists of original papers, surveys and expository articles in the broad areas of operator theory, operator algebras and noncommutative topology. Its goal is to give graduate students and researchers a relatively comprehensive overview of the current status of research in the relevant fields. The book is also a special volume dedicated to the memory of Ronald G. Douglas who passed away on February 27, 2018 at the age of 79. Many of the contributors are Douglas' students and past collaborators. Their articles attest and commemorate his life-long contribution and influence to these fields.

  • Nonlinear Water Waves

    Collectif

    The motion of water is governed by a set of mathematical equations which are extremely complicated and intractable. This is not surprising when one considers the highly diverse and intricate physical phenomena which may be exhibited by a given body of water. Recent mathematical advances have enabled researchers to make major progress in this field, reflected in the topics featured in this volume.

    Cutting-edge techniques and tools from mathematical analysis have generated strong rigorous results concerning the qualitative and quantitative physical properties of solutions of the governing equations. Furthermore, accurate numerical computations of fully-nonlinear steady and unsteady water waves in two and three dimensions have contributed to the discovery of new types of waves. Model equations have been derived in the long-wave and modulational regime using Hamiltonian formulations and solved numerically.

    This book brings together interdisciplinary researchers working in the field of nonlinear water waves, whose contributions range from survey articles to new research results which address a variety of aspects in nonlinear water waves. It is motivated by a workshop which was organised at the Erwin Schrdinger International Institute for Mathematics and Physics in Vienna, November 27-December 7, 2017. The key aim of the workshop was to describe, and foster, new approaches to research in this field. This is reflected in the contents of this book, which is aimed to stimulate both experienced researchers and students alike.

  • This paper is concerned with the existence and uniform decay rates of solutions of the waveequation with a sourceterm and subject to nonlinear boundary damping ? ? u ?? u =|u| u in ? ×(0,+?) ? tt ? ? ? ? u=0 on ? ×(0,+?) 0 (1. 1) ? ? u+g(u)=0 on ? ×(0,+?) ? t 1 ? ? ? ? 0 1 u(x,0) = u (x); u (x,0) = u (x),x? ? , t n where ? is a bounded domain of R ,n? 1, with a smooth boundary ? = ? ?? . 0 1 Here, ? and ? are closed and disjoint and ? represents the unit outward normal 0 1 to ?. Problems like (1. 1), more precisely, ? u ?? u =?f (u)in? ×(0,+?) ? tt 0 ? ? ? ? u=0 on ? ×(0,+?) 0 (1. 2) ? ? u =?g(u )?f (u)on? ×(0,+?) ? t 1 1 ? ? ? ? 0 1 u(x,0) = u (x); u (x,0) = u (x),x? ? , t were widely studied in the literature, mainly when f =0,see[6,13,22]anda 1 long list of references therein. When f =0and f = 0 this kind of problem was 0 1 well studied by Lasiecka and Tataru [15] for a very general model of nonlinear functions f (s),i=0,1, but assuming that f (s)s? 0, that is, f represents, for i i i each i, an attractive force.

  • This contributed volume features chapters based on talks given at the second international conference titled Aspects of Time-Frequency Analysis (ATFA 19), held at Politecnico di Torino from June 25th to June 27th, 2019. Written by experts in harmonic analysis and its applications, these chapters provide a valuable overview of the state-of-the-art of this active area of research. New results are collected as well, making this a valuable resource for readers seeking to be brought up-to-date. Topics covered include:Signal analysisQuantum theoryModulation space theoryApplications to the medical industryWavelet transform theoryAnti-Wick operatorsLandscapes of Time-Frequency Analysis: ATFA 2019 will be of particular interest to researchers and advanced students working in time-frequency analysis and other related areas of harmonic analysis.

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